Policy Studies Institute, University of Westminster,London
The seminar addresses the implications of the European innovation policy turn toward societal challenges such as climate change. The new challenge-led approach reframes the policy agenda compared to the traditional technology-driven model. It is more attuned to systemic rather than singular innovation, and offers a broader definition of innovation which highlights social, organisational, and business model novelty. It is argued that this offers a richer and realistic perspective for the radical pervasive changes needed for the transition to a low carbon soc
The study integrates economic geography literature with the strategic management strand, providing a cross-fertilization framework in order to explore the relationship between agglomerations and innovation. Competitors’ agglomerations may create benefits in forms of externalities which render extra sources of external (to the firm) knowledge. When such externalities exist, then who gains from whom? Despite an important body of research on this topic, the evidence is inconclusive and mostly based on few particular industries.
Science has solved a large number of social, medical and technical problems. In doing so, many of the low hanging fruit have been addressed leaving more difficult problems. This talk discusses some of the problems that society faces and explores how well the research system is aligned to address them. It highlights the problem of lock-in and entrenchment and how the ways we think about research can constrain its ability to produce solutions to important problems.
Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR), University of Amsterdam
Non-linearities in systems of innovations can be explained in terms of composing sub-dynamics. University-industry-government relations, for example, can be analyzed in terms of institutional networks among agents or functional synergies among scientific novelty production, economic wealth generation, and normative control as communication systems. One can raise the question to what extent “systemness” can be retained from these interacting dynamics at regional or national levels.