Gender and ethnicity differentials in school attainment and labor market earnings in Ecuador

World Development

Indigenous people in Ecuador are most likely to be disadvantaged and live in poverty.
This paper reports on the findings of an econometric analysis which explores the extent to which
lower educational attainment and labor market discrimination contribute to these disparities.
The analysis utilizes a proportional hazard regression model to examine which factors raise the
probability of early school departure. It also employs a classic regression model to explore the relationship
between low educational attainment and earnings, together with an Oaxaca decomposition
which parses out the extent to which earning differentials can be attributed to differences in human
capital or to discrimination.